Analysis of selected risk factors of osteoporosis

J. Raková, J. Dankóová, L. Dimunová, S. Tomková, M. Černý


Aim: presently, osteoporosis represents a chronic, non-infectious disease with an expanding health-related, socioeconomic, and society-wide dimension. The aim is to identify the risk of a bone fracture, and to map out the risk factors related to the development of osteoporosis.

Materials and methods. The sample consisted of 151 patients with the average age of 64.2 (SD±8.9) registered in Ostreocentrum. To identify the risk of an osteoporotic fracture, we have utilized the FRAX (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool) method and densitometric screening. In relation to osteoporosis, we monitored the risk factors such as age, gender, family history, associated diseases, and nutrition.

Results. The results of our monitored group confirmed the fact that the risk of osteoporosis development does rise along with age. Higher prevalence occurred in women than in men. We can state that positive family history and the nutrition do influence development of osteoporosis. Associated diseases did not appear to be statistically significant in relation to the development of osteoporosis.

Conclusions. The results show that both primary and secondary prevention of osteoporosis need to be strengthened.

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